The names of Messiah

According to Raphael Patai, there are several names used for the Messiah (Mashiach, מָשִׁיחַ‎) throughout the bible and ancient rabbinic writings. Note that the author of of this work was an orthodox Jew. The following table is a compilation of the information he wrote down1:

Name Hebrew Meaning Source
Avi’Ad Shalom Eternal Father of Peace S. Buber’s note, ibid. p.87
(Anointed to) David דָּוִיד Historical allusion Y. Ber. 5a; B. Sanh. 98b (Based on Jer. 30.9, Ez. 37.25); Lam. Rab. 1.51, p.36, ad Lam. 1:16 (Based on Ps. 18:50)
E.g. Shoot, Light, Staff (for the righteous) Symbolic terms 1st Book of Enoch 48:4-6; Y. Ber. 5a; Lam. Rab. 1.51, p.36, ad Lam. 1:16
El אל God S. Buber’s note, ibid. p.87
Fragrance Symbolic term Zohar Hadash, Mid. haNe’elam to Songs, p.64c (Based on Isa. 11.3)
Hadrakh Sharp and Soft Sifre Deut. ed. Friedmann 65a (Based on Zech. 9.1)
Hanina חנינא Favour Lam. Rab. 1.51, p.36, ad Lam. 1:16 (Based on Jer. 16.3)
Head of Days Allusion to his preexistence 1st Book of Enoch 46:1-3, 48:4-6
Menahem מְנַחֵם Comforter B. Sanh. 98b; Y. Ber. 5a
Nehira נהירה Light Lam. Rab. 1.51, p.36, ad Lam. 1:16 (Based on Dan. 2:22)
Peace  שָׁלוֹם Symbolic terms Pereq Shalom p.101 (Based on Isa. 9:5, 52:7)
Pele פֶּלֶא Miracle S. Buber’s note, ibid. p.87
Shiloh שילה Mid. Mishle, ed. Buber p.87 (Based on Gen. 49:10)
Son of Man בן–אדם Special nearness to God Ezekiel; 1st Book of Enoch 46:1-3, 62:7-9
The Holy One (blessed be he) הקדוש ברוך הוא B. Meg. 13b; B. Bab. Bath. 95b
The Leprous (of the House of Study) B. Sanh. 98b (Based on Isa. 53.4); Hassidic legend on the Leper Messiah
The Name of God השם Rabbinic literature
The Name of the Messiah B. Pes. 54a, B. Ned. 39a (Based on Ps. 72.17); Gen. Rab. 1:4
The Spirit of God רוח אלהים The Spirit of Messiah Gen. Rab. 2:4 (Based on Gen. 1.2 & Isa. 11.2)
Tzidqenu, Tsadik צדקנו, צדיק Our Justice, Righteous One Mid. Mishle, ed. Buber p.87; Jer. 23.6
Yinnon יִנּוֹן to be continued, to endure forever Lam. Rab. 1.51, p.36, ad Lam. 1:16 (Based on Ps. 72:17)
Yo’etz יו-עץ Counselor S. Buber’s note, ibid. p.87

The above it obiously an this incomplete list, though thoroughly researched, as many more symbolic terms and names can be found referring to Messiah. Nevertheless, I would like to add these two names:

Name Hebrew Meaning Source
Yeshua ישוע Salvation, short form of Yehoshua My own interpretation based on Lam. Rab. 1.51, p.36, ad Lam. 1:16 (Based on Ps. 18:50)
Yehoshua יהושוע The LORD is Salvation Hand-written note by Rabbi Yitzchak Kaduri uncovering the name of the Messiah2

References

1 Raphael Patai, The Messiah Texts, Wayne State University Texts, Detroit 1979, p. 17-22. Link on Google Books
2 Acronym of a note saying: “He will raise the people and confirm that his word and law are standing” (ירים העם ויוכיח שדברו ותורתו עומדים), from Nrg.co.il and News1.co.il (retrieved 2012-11-26)

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